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A “Global Turning Point” for Environmental Policies ? An Exchange of African, Caribbean, European, and American Perspectives

par Magali ABELLA - publié le , mis à jour le

Seminar organized by the “Biodiversity, Environments, Societies, Territories” Emerging Team

A “Global Turning Point” for Environmental Policies ? An Exchange of African, Caribbean, European, and American Perspectives

Friday, April 4, 2014

University Library of the Schoelcher Campus (meeting room – BU3, 3rd floor), Martinique

Argument

The theme chosen for this meeting encourages the social and human sciences to reflect on the current transformation of our environment by considering the problematization process of the relationship between nature and culture at the crossroads of four regional areas : Africa, the Caribbean, Europe, and the Americas.

In spite of their differentiated contexts, these areas are known for being all confronted with significant large-scale environmental changes – such as climate change, erosion of biological diversity, soil degradation, chemical pollution of air and water, or intensive use of water resources –, often referred to as “global change.” Characterized by an increased trans-scalarity, experiences and representations associated with such changes today converge to create uncertainty and promote risk management, especially from a public health perspective, as a key element in environmental regulation. The ensuing discourses and practices open a wide array of studies and fieldwork ranging from the construction of public problems to global governance as well as the spread of controversies and the “marketing” of nature.

This meeting invites us to deepen the reflection on the consistency that shapes environmental policies to address those transformations, giving the humanities and social sciences privileged insight on the making of environmental issues taken in both their historical and emerging dimensions. For this, we must understand how and why environmental matters, in a broad sense, are mobilized to achieve political, economic and legal objectives. We need to know what the representations are and the data being sought, particularly from the viewpoint of their territorial and spatial implications. How are the results of scientific and technical research most commonly used and interpreted ? What are the most favored methods of administration and management ? Finally, how are the humanities and social sciences equipped to study these processes and report on them.

As part of the “Environmental Change and Society” Seminar held by the CRPLC (CNRS Joint Research Center 8053), this meeting intends to further explore these lines of inquiry through interventions – in French and English – based on comparisons and case studies, working closely with the regional areas under consideration.

The meeting is open to all of those interested.

Keywords : Africa, America, Caribbean, environment, Europe, global change, policy, risk, science, society

Program

8:30 am – Welcoming participants

9 am – Opening of the day

Yann Bérard (UAG-Martinique/CRPLC) Global at Test. On the Utility of Comparative Reasoning and Thinking Through Case

Session 1. Circulation of Knowledge and Instruments

Lydie Cabane (IFRIS-CERMES3/University Paris-Est) Risk Globalization at Stake : Research Traditions and Political Ties (Europe, Americas, and Africa)

Marie Hrabanski (CIRAD-Montpellier/ART-Dev) Internationalization of a Public Policy Instrument : Payments for Environmental Services (PES)

Jean-Raphaël Gros-Désormeaux (CNRS-CRPLC/UAG-Martinique) Uncertainty of Expert Knowledge in the Regionalization Process of Biodiversity : ZNIEFF Mapping in the French Caribbean

12:30 – Lunch break

2 pm – Resumption of the sessions

Session 2. Experience and Valuation of Public Problems

Nicolas Rocle (Irstea-Bordeaux/ADBX) Adapting to Climate Change : A Poorly Structured Problem for a Differentiated Agenda Setting. Examples from Martinique and Aquitaine

Sarah E. Vaughn (University of Chicago/Department of Anthropology) Reinventing Biopolitics : Experimenting with Human/Nonhuman Relations in the Face of Climate Change in Guyana

Julien Weisbein (Sciences Po Toulouse/LaSSP) Protect the Environment by Combining Expertise. “Coast Guard” Activity

5:30 pm – End of the day

Additional link : http://calenda.org/281822